Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2014)
Phytochemical Investigation and Correlation Study of Croton bonplandianus Baill. Stem
Author(s): Somit Dutta, Priyankar Dey, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri
Abstract: The present study was undertaken, to analyse the phytochemical profiles C. bonplandianus stem. Various standard biochemical and spectrophotometric methods were employed. All the analysis were performed in multiple sets. The total alkaloid, flavonoid and phenolic content were found to be 59.44±0.28 g/100 g, 3.86±0.12 mg/g and 67.37±0.46 mg/g respectively besides the presence of a certain amount of tannin (51.94±0.38 mg/100 g) and saponin (16.10±0.05 g/100 g). Among the three vitamins, total riboflavin (0.35±0.02 mg/100 g) and ascorbic acid (0.91±0.02 mg/100 g) content were found to be higher, followed by thiamine content of 0.31±0.02 mg/100 g. From the present study, it may be concluded that the stem of C. bonplandianus contains very high amount of various important phytochemicals. These phytochemicals are chiefly responsible for various medicinal properties of a plant. Therefore, the presence of the high quantity of phytocompounds may lead to the potent medicinal capacity of C. bonplandianus stem.
Represents the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) under varimax reaction for the phytochemicals of C. bonplandianus stem. Where, Alk = Alkaloid; Flavo = Flavonoid; Phen = Phenol; Sapo = Saponin; Lip = Lipid; Thia = Thiamine; Ribo = Riboflavin; Asco = Ascorbic Acid; Tan = Tannin; Pro = Protein; Mois = Moisture; Ash = Ash content. PCA was performed for two principal factors, the ariances of which were 65.49% and 34.51% respectively
How to cite this article:
Somit Dutta, Priyankar Dey, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri. Phytochemical Investigation and Correlation Study of Croton bonplandianus Baill. Stem. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2014; 3(1): 142-148.