Pharmacognosy

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2014)

Pharmacognostic studies of the fruits of Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.)Roxb

Author(s): Aji Abraham, Lizzy Mathew and Sarala Samuel
Abstract: The fruits of Terminalia bellirica were studied to analyze its pharmacognostic characters. Organoleptic studies of the air dried powdered fruit rind revealed characters like yellowish brown colour, astringent taste and aromatic odour. The fluorescent analysis of the powder after treatment with different chemical reagents under visible and short UV light showed different colour changes. Microscopic evaluation of the fruit rind revealed epidermal hairs, stone cells, starch grains and needle like crystals of Calcium oxalate as the key identifying features which were confirmed by powder microscopy. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of the aqueous extract revealed the presence of glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, saponin, carbohydrates and proteins.
T S of the pericarp - A portion showing epidermal hairs and stone cells.
Fig.: T S of the pericarp - A portion showing epidermal hairs and stone cells.
Pages: 45-52  |  1599 Views  40 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Aji Abraham, Lizzy Mathew and Sarala Samuel. Pharmacognostic studies of the fruits of Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.)Roxb. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2014; 3(2): 45-52.
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