Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2015)
Unani perspective of allergic rhinitis (Nazla Haar): A literary review
Author(s): A. H. Ayshah Fazeenah, Mohd. Aleemuddin Quamri
Abstract: The Unani Tibbis one of the ancient system of medicine founded by Hippocrates is based on the concept of equilibrium and balance of natural body humours (blood, bile, black bile and phlegm). When these humours are normal in quantity and quality and they mixed well together, prevails man remains healthy. The imbalance or disproportionate and irregular distribution causes disease. According to Unani literature, Nazla Haar is a condition with watery irritating nasal discharge dripping down towards throat, with sense of burning (sozish) in nose, face and eyes with lacrimation, and also alters the sense of olfaction. The disease is due to sue mizaj (abnormal temperament) of the brain, which can be due to internal or external factors. The internal factors may be sadah (does not involve matter) and madda (involve matter). The basic principle of treatment is Ilaj bil zid, i.e. treatment is in contrast to nature and Mizaj (temperament) of the disease. Therefore, this system promises that to remove the root cause is the main treatment modality. Despite the use of numerous newer therapeutic regimens, it has remained confront because of relapse, recurrence and resistance. The holistic approach of Unani treatment will have a thriving management of diseases with temperamental affiliation and its evidences were found throughout the history that Unani medicine has proven efficacy in Nazla Haar, but lacking scientific data for validation. The present literary review was gathered from Unani classical texts and through web search. This review aims at highlighting the concept of allergic rhinitis with special reference of Nazla Haar and its management in Unani system of medicine.
How to cite this article:
A. H. Ayshah Fazeenah, Mohd. Aleemuddin Quamri. Unani perspective of allergic rhinitis (Nazla Haar): A literary review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2015; 3(6): 22-25.