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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2015)

An investigation into the anti-diarrhoeal effects of aqueous and ethanol stem bark extracts of Alchornea cordifolia in wistar rats

Author(s): Joseph O.T. Emudainohwo, Goodies E. Moke, Daniel E. Ejebe, Earnest O. Erhirhie
Abstract: This study investigated the anti-diarrhoeal effect of aqueous and ethanol bark extract of Alchornea cordifolia on castor oil-induced diarrhoeal; gastrointestinal motility; and enteropooling. The results revealed that, compared with the positive control (loperamide-treated) group which showed the most reduction in mean weight of stool, the 400 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg of both extracts also elicited dose dependent reduction in the mean weight of stool, with the 400 mg/kg body weight of the aqueous extract causing greater reduction than the other extracts doses. The anti-motility effect and percentage inhibitive effect was also shown to be greater in the loperamide-treated group, compared to the ethanol and aqueous extract-treated groups, which demonstrated a dose-dependent effect. The intestinal volume (enteropooling) was equally found to be most markedly increased in the positive control (atropine-treated) groups followed by a dose-dependent fashion in the 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg doses of the ethanol and aqueous stem bark extracts treated groups. Thus, the study showed that the aqueous and ethanol stem bark extracts of Alchornea cordifolia possess anti-diarrhoeal properties.
Pages: 183-187  |  1160 Views  5 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Joseph O.T. Emudainohwo, Goodies E. Moke, Daniel E. Ejebe, Earnest O. Erhirhie. An investigation into the anti-diarrhoeal effects of aqueous and ethanol stem bark extracts of Alchornea cordifolia in wistar rats. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2015; 3(6): 183-187.
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