Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2015)
Ethno botanical study of some wild herb species Parsa District Forest of Nepal
Author(s): Shila Singh
Abstract: Medicinal plants play great role in the healthcare practices among the tribal's and rural people. Tribal's have wonderful knowledge about the effective treatment of many diseases only by the using plant parts. This knowledge acquired by the tribal's usually passed from generation to generation in verbal form only. Now a day, younger generation of the tribal's are not interested in this field due to global urbanization. However, detail information about the use of the plants for medicinal and other purposes by the tribal's of the Parsa district forest of Nepal has not been well documented. The aim of this study was to assess ethno botanical information of some wild herb species used in the Parsa district forest area of Nepal including four adjacent villages, Gadi, Madhuban mathwal, Sonbarsa and Shanker Sharaiya. Information about the use of these plants provides clues to the new area of research and biodiversity conservation. The information presented in this paper was gathered by frequent field visit in the forest and adjoining villages, participatory observations, group discussion, interviews with tribal's and local knowledgeable people in the year 2013 from March to November. A total of 52 ethno-medicinal wild herb species belonging to 24 families and 44 genera are documented in this study. Largest number of plants have been found in the family poaceae, families, asteraceae and zingiberaceae are second largest families where as family solanaceae is the third largest family. Out of the total studied plants 66% plants are used only for medicinal purposes, 9.4% plants are used as medicinal and food, four different categories 3.8% plants are used as medicinal and flavoring, medicinal and or rituals, medicinal and religious, medicinal and thatching purposes and five different categories of 1.9% plants are used as medicinal and narcotic, medicinal and fodder, medicinal and tea, medicinal and dye and medicinal and rope or mat. A large number of, many single plant is used to treat more than ten diseases. The plants used for different purposes are listed with scientific name, common name, local name, family, ethno-botanical importance and parts used. Mode of use of plant parts for various purposes has also been mentioned. It can be concluded from this study that tribal’s of the Parsa District forest inherit a rich traditional knowledge and documentation of this knowledge has provided novel information of that area. It will open the door for new pharmacological research.
How to cite this article:
Shila Singh. Ethno botanical study of some wild herb species Parsa District Forest of Nepal. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2015; 4(1): 32-40.