Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2015)
Phytochemical screening and HPTLC studies of Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. variety pentandra cultivated in Egypt
Author(s): Mohamed E. Abou Elela, Mohamed A. A. Orabi, Mohamed S. A. Abdelkader, Faten M. M. Darwish
Abstract: Objective: Identification of phytoconstituents types and establishment of the HPTLC fingerprint profile of Ceiba pentandra. Methods: Phytochemical screening was performed following standard protocols, and HPTLC fingerprints for different fractions were carried out using CAMAG HPTLC system equipped with Linomat V automated TLC applicator, TLC scanner III and win CATS software. Results: The qualitative phytochemical screening revealed that the aerial parts of Ceiba pentandra is rich in carbohydrates, glycosides, steroids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, resins, fats and oils. The HPTLC studies using the most convenient mobile phase system for each fraction showed various Rf values in each fraction. Conclusions: The HPTLC results can be employed for standardization and quality control of the different Ceiba pentandra fractions. The results from the phytochemical screening and the HPTLC experiments are useful guide for further phytochemical investigations and/or biological assessments.