Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2016)
Pharmacognostic, fluorescent, antibacterial and phytochemical analysis of tuber of Dioscorea bulbifera L. from Jharkhand
Author(s): Raphael R Marandi, S John Britto, Mariat George, Emasushan Minj
Abstract: Dioscorea bulbifera, locally called as ‘Githi kanda’ and belonging to Dioscoreaceae family, is used as food and ethnomedicine by the tribals of Jharkhand. According to the informants, the tuber powder is used against diarrhoea, malaria and diabetes. Phytochemical screening of the tuber extracts exhibited the presence of alkaloids, starch, coumarin, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, phenols, tannins and free amino acids in high concentrations. Analytical HPLC chromatogram revealed only a few bioactive compounds but in good concentrations. GC-MS analysis detected the presence of only five bioactive compounds. Fluorescent study exhibited characteristic colour data while the pharmacognostic evaluation indicated the storage of high amount of starch grains. The present study is supportive of the ethnomedicinal usage of tuber of D. bulbifera for the treatment of malaria, diarrhoea, aphrodisiac, rejuvenating and diabetes which may give lead to further the research in isolation and purification of noble drugs for the treatment of given diseases.
How to cite this article:
Raphael R Marandi, S John Britto, Mariat George, Emasushan Minj. Pharmacognostic, fluorescent, antibacterial and phytochemical analysis of tuber of Dioscorea bulbifera L. from Jharkhand. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2016; 5(1): 08-14.