Vol. 5, Issue 4 (2016)
Morpho-anatomical study on Cleome viscosa L. (Cleomaceae)
Author(s): Onoja OJ
Abstract: About 80% of world populations still use herbal drugs, for treatment of various diseases. Now a day’s misidentification of plants, lack of standardization, contamination, substitution and adulteration of herb is very common which has given rise to many reports describing adverse health effects and variable quality, efficacy and contents of herbal products. Evaluation of herbal drug is an important tool in the formulation of high quality herbal products. The aim of this research is to understand the method for analysis and to apply the method in evaluating crude drugs and their products as well as take part in the standardization of herbal medicine. Morphological studies were determined by using simple microscope. The shape of leaf, fruit, odor and type of flower were determined. Microscopic studies were done by preparing thin hand section of upper and lower epidermis of leaf, T.S of Stem and Powder of Cleome viscosa Linn. The prepared slides were observed for microscopical characters at X4, X10 and X40 objective. In the microscopic studies, the lower epidermis (Abaxial) and upper epidermis (Adaxial) contains anomocytic stomatas (45 µm at X40 objective) and glandular trichomes (480µm at X10 objective) as the main observable features. The powder microscopy contains calcium oxalate crystals, phloem parenchyma, fibres. The pharmacognostic characteristics of this plant and the numerical standards reported in this work could be useful for the compilation of a suitable monograph for its proper identification and determination of its quality and purity and detection of nature of adulteration.
How to cite this article:
Onoja OJ. Morpho-anatomical study on Cleome viscosa L. (Cleomaceae). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2016; 5(4): 13-16.