Pharmacognosy

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 6, Issue 1 (2017)

Phytochemical screening and thin layer chromatography of two medicinal plants: Adansonia digitata (Bombacaceae) and Acacia raddiana (Fabaceae)

Author(s): Ouafae El Yahyaoui, Nabil AIT Ouaaziz, Ilias Guinda, Amal Sammama, Saloua Kerrouri, Bahia Bouabid, Mohamed El Bakkall, Ali Quyou, L Aicha Lrhorfi and Rachid Bengueddour
Abstract: Adansonia digitata and Acacia raddiana are two herbs used extensively in Saharan pharmacopoeia. To characterize these two plants in terms of secondary metabolites, qualitative reactions of staining/ precipitation were performed for the different edible organs. The results obtained showed the presence of several types of phenolic compounds; namely tannins, flavonoids, anthocyans, coumarins, and other secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, sterols and terpenes, essential oils, saponins and quinones. The thin layer chromatography (TLC) was performed first to confirm the qualitative characterization of phytochemical screening, second to separate different molecules of each secondary metabolite and show the diversity in metabolite extracts. The TLC results are presented in the form of spots and frontal reports Rfs reflecting the plurality of component molecules in both of studied plants. This diversity of secondary metabolites can be at the origin of the widespread medicinal properties and therapeutic uses of the tested plants.
Pages: 10-15  |  1841 Views  166 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Ouafae El Yahyaoui, Nabil AIT Ouaaziz, Ilias Guinda, Amal Sammama, Saloua Kerrouri, Bahia Bouabid, Mohamed El Bakkall, Ali Quyou, L Aicha Lrhorfi and Rachid Bengueddour. Phytochemical screening and thin layer chromatography of two medicinal plants: Adansonia digitata (Bombacaceae) and Acacia raddiana (Fabaceae). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(1): 10-15.
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