Vol. 6, Issue 4 (2017)
Efficacy of different substrates on the growth, yield and nutritional composition of oyster mushroom- Pleurotus florida (Mont.) Singer
Author(s): Vidya Jyoti Tirkey, Sobita Simon and Abhilasha A Lal
Abstract: The research experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of different substrates on the growth and yield of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) to find out the best alternative substrates that support the growth of oyster mushroom, produces the maximum yield with highest biological efficiency and nutritional contents. A total of seven treatments replicated five times were taken under the complete randomize design. The minimum time taken for mycelium run (15 days) was in T0 Wheat (control) and maximum was observed in T2 Cardboard (21 days). Primordium initiation was observed on 17th – 26th days. The maximum time from primordial stage to harvesting stage was recorded in T2 cardboard (35 days). Maximum yield was obtained on T3 Banana leaves (915.23 g) with highest biological efficiency (91 %). Moisture content was found high in T1 Grass (92 %) and showed maximum protein (30.20 %) in T6 Cardboard + Banana leaves and highest carbohydrate in T0 Wheat (4.46 %). The lipid contents were found maximum in T6 Cardboard + Banana leaves (0.88g). Therefore, it can be concluded that Banana leaves substrates individual as well as in combination proved to be best for cultivation of P. florda.
How to cite this article:
Vidya Jyoti Tirkey, Sobita Simon and Abhilasha A Lal. Efficacy of different substrates on the growth, yield and nutritional composition of oyster mushroom- Pleurotus florida (Mont.) Singer . Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(4): 1097-1100.