Vol. 6, Issue 4 (2017)
Effect of Vermicompost and moisture conservation practices on growth parameters, yield attributes and yield of sesame
Author(s): Babu Lal, Lala Ram Yadav, Shanti Devi Bamboriya, Keshar Mal Choudhary and Sheesh Pal Choudhary
A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2016 at S.K.N. College of Agriculture, Jobner to study the “Effect of vermicompost and moisture conservation practices on growth parameters, yield attributes and yield of sesame. The experiment comprising of four levels of vermicompost (Control, 1.5, 3.0 and 4.5 t/ha) and four moisture conservation practices (control, dust mulch, straw mulch and plastic mulch), thereby making 16 treatment combinations was laid out in factorial randomized block design and replicated thrice. The increasing levels of vermicompost up to @ 3.0 t/ha significantly increased the plant height at harvest, dry matter accumulation/plant at 30, 60 DAS and at harvest, number of branches/plant at 60 DAS at harvest, chlorophyll content at 40 DAS, crop growth rate and relative growth rate as compared to preceding levels but remained at par with vermicompost @ 4.5 t/ha. Significantly higher number of capsules/plant (30.3), seeds/capsule (45.2), test weight (2.67g) and seed (834 kg/ha) and straw yields (2073 kg/ha) of sesame were observed with application of vermicompost @ 3.0 t/ha but remained at par with vermicompost @ 4.5 t/ha. The significantly higher plant height, number of branches per plant and dry matter accumulation per metre row length were recorded with application of straw mulch. Applications of straw mulch also recorded significantly higher number of capsules per plant over control and dust mulch whereas; number of seeds per capsule was significantly higher with straw mulch. In respect of the effect of straw, plastic and dust mulch application being at par among each other gave significantly higher seeds per capsule of sesame.
How to cite this article:
Babu Lal, Lala Ram Yadav, Shanti Devi Bamboriya, Keshar Mal Choudhary and Sheesh Pal Choudhary. Effect of Vermicompost and moisture conservation practices on growth parameters, yield attributes and yield of sesame. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(4): 1656-1659.