Vol. 6, Issue 5 (2017)
Preliminary phytochemical study and TLC analysis of the fruit, leaves and flowers of Citrus limetta Risso
Author(s): E Martínez-Cano, SM Martínez-Cano, KI Avalos-López and JA González-Simental
Citrus limetta Risso specie belongs to Rutaceae family, commonly known as sweet lime in Mexico. It has traditionally been used for several medicinal purposes. Phytochemical screening and TLC study of fruit, leaves and flowers were made to identify the qualitative presence of main bioactive compounds. Phytochemical analysis was carried out using solvents at different polarity as n-butane, ethanol, methanol, and water. As a result, it was found a high diversity of metabolites such as alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones, steroids, cardiac glycosides, sesquiterpene lactones, tannins, saponins and leucoanthocyanins. At last, a Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) was used to confirm the presence of alkaloids and flavonoids giving different Rf values. The result showed the presence of alkaloids and flavonoids in fruits, leaves and flowers of Citrus limetta Risso, which can be correlated as a possible potential as anxiolytic, sleep regulator, and antioxidant.
How to cite this article:
E Martínez-Cano, SM Martínez-Cano, KI Avalos-López and JA González-Simental. Preliminary phytochemical study and TLC analysis of the fruit, leaves and flowers of Citrus limetta Risso. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(5): 594-599.