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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 6, Issue 5 (2017)

Effect of spacing, fertility levels and bio-fertilizers on growth and yield of summer greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek)

Author(s): RN Kalsaria, PD Vekariya, JG Hadiyal and PK Ichchhuda
Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted in Factorial Randomized Block Design during summer, 2016 at Instructional Farm, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, to study the “Effect of spacing, fertility levels and bio-fertilizers on growth and yield of summer greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek)”. Twelve treatment combinations comprising of two spacing viz., S1= 30 cm x 10 cm and S2= 45 cm x 10 cm; three levels of fertilizer viz., F0= control, F1= 75 % RDF (15-30-00 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1) and F2= 100 % RDF (20-40-00 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1) and two levels of bio-fertilizers viz., B0= no inoculation of bio-fertilizers and B1= inoculation of Rhizobium + PSB @ 10 ml per kg seed were evaluated. The results revealed that greengram cultivar GM-4 performed better by recording higher number of branches per plant (3.17), dry matter accumulation per plant at both 30 DAS (7.19 g) and at harvest (14.91 g) and dry weight of root nodules per plant at both 30 DAS (2.25 g) and at harvest (3.41 g), number of pod per plant (26.44), length of pod (6.14 cm) and test weight (38.90 g) when sowing with 45 cm row spacing over 30 cm row spacing but seed yield (930 kg ha-1) and Stover yield (2151 kg ha-1) where recorded with 30 cm row spacing over 45 cm row spacing. Application of 100 % RDF recorded higher values for number of branches per plant (2.83), dry matter accumulation per plant at harvest (14.50 g) and dry weight of root nodules per plant at both 30 DAS (2.21 g) and at harvest (3.39 g), length of pod (6.19 cm) and test weight (39.35 g), seed yield (945 kg ha-1) and stover yield (1900 kg ha-1) over 75 % RDF and control. Inoculation of Rhizobium and PSB also improve growth and yield parameters. In general, for obtaining higher yields greengram variety GM-4 to be grown during summer season with 30 cm row spacing and fertilizing the crop with 100 % RDF (20-40-00 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1) with inoculation of Rhizobium and PSB.
Pages: 934-937  |  432 Views  13 Downloads
How to cite this article:
RN Kalsaria, PD Vekariya, JG Hadiyal and PK Ichchhuda. Effect of spacing, fertility levels and bio-fertilizers on growth and yield of summer greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(5): 934-937.
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