Vol. 6, Issue 5 (2017)
Effect of substrate mixtures on precocity and flower development in strawberry potted plants
Author(s): Vikas Kumar Sharma and Anil Kumar Godara
Abstract: The current study was done for evaluation the effect of substrate mixtures and pots on precocity and reproductive growth of strawberry cv. Sweet Charlie in soil and soilless culture system. Results showed that the earliest flowering (77.47 days and 79.60 days) after transplanting was observed in S2 (cocopeat + perlite + vermicompost, 3:1:1), whereas, maximum days for first flowering was observed in S4 (95.87 days and 98.53 days) during 2013-14 and 2014-15, respectively. The significant increase in the number of primary (8.77 and 9.73) and secondary (16.21 and 17.76) flowers were recorded from S2 and S1, except number of secondary flowers in 2014-15. The total number of flowers also increased (28.67 and 33.93) significantly, when plants were grown in S2 than other treatments. The size of primary and secondary flower also increased with all soilless substrate combinations as compared to control. The maximum size of primary flower (33.73 mm and 35.86 mm) was recorded in S2, which was statistically at par with S1 during both the years of study, whereas, the size of secondary flowers increased (29.80 mm and 30.97) significantly in S2 than other treatments. The plants grown in earthen pots produced earliest flowering (78.97 days and 79.53 days), maximum number of primary (7.86 and 8.70), secondary (14.53 and 15.83) and total flowers (25.46 and 28.29). In future, these experimental results will prove very useful to find out most suitable substrate combination and pot for reproductive growth of strawberry.
How to cite this article:
Vikas Kumar Sharma and Anil Kumar Godara. Effect of substrate mixtures on precocity and flower development in strawberry potted plants. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(5): 2406-2412.