Vol. 6, Issue 6 (2017)
Pyrolysis oil an emerging alternate fuel for future (Review)
Author(s): Ratnakiran D Wankhade and TK Bhattacharya
The demand and prices of the available petro fuels is increasing with time. So, it has become a point of attention for the researchers to find alternative fuels to fulfil the future requirement of petro fuels. Due to serious issue globally and in India on the use of fossil fuels, it is necessary for India to start using renewable energy sources. There are lots of waste available in India from various sectors like biomass from agriculture and forests; industrial waste, plastic waste and scrap tyres etc. There is an urgent need to utilize such wastes for producing alternate fuels by using proper technique and methodology. In India about 686 MMT gross crop residue biomass is produced annually. Also, plastic products have become an integral part in our daily life as a basic need and is produced on a massive scale worldwide and its production crosses the 150 MMT per year globally. In India approximately 8 MMT plastic products are consumed every year. Approximately 5.6 MMT per annum plastic waste is generated in the country, which is about 15342 tons per day. Also, India is the third largest producer, fourth largest consumer of natural rubber and fifth largest consumer of synthetic rubber. Globally, it is estimated that 13.5 MMT of tyres are scrapped every year. In India about a million tonnes of scrap tyres are available annually. Globally it is a major environmental concern to dispose the waste tyres. Efforts are going on by researchers to produce an alternate fuel by using such waste. At some places in the country pyrolysis oil i.e. bio-oil is produced from such wastes by using a pyrolysis technology. Since, the obtained pyrolysis oil has certain properties close to the high speed diesel, it is therefore necessary to compare the fuel properties of pyrolysis oil with high speed diesel for its direct or modified use in CI engines.
How to cite this article:
Ratnakiran D Wankhade and TK Bhattacharya. Pyrolysis oil an emerging alternate fuel for future (Review). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(6): 239-243.