Vol. 6, Issue 6 (2017)
A study the farm structure, assets, cropping pattern and cropping intensity of paddy and wheat on different size of farms in Auraiya district, of western U.P.
Author(s): Swatantra Pratap, Rajeev Singh, JP Singh, Prince Kumar, Rajneesh Singh, Tushar Raghuvanshi, Chandan Singh and Amit Kumar Singh
Abstract: Paddy (Oryza sativa L.) belongs to the family Poaceae (Gramineae). India is one of the world’s largest producers of paddy and wheat, accounting for 20% of all world paddy and wheat production. In India paddy occupies on area of 427.53 million hectares with annual production 1052.41 million tones with productivity 24.62 qt. /ha. The area under wheat in India was reported 300.03 million hectares with the total production of 935.06 million tonnes, while productivity was recorded 31.13 quintal per hectare. The area and production of paddy in this state is about 58.61 million hectare and 14.41 million tonnes respectively with productivity of 2460 kg per hectare and the area under wheat in U.P. was 97.3 million hectares and production was 30.30 million tonnes while productivity per hectare was 31.13 quintal. Auraiya district of Uttar Pradesh was selected purposively because of inconvenience of investigation and to avoid difficulties for collection of data due to time and budget constraints. Two block (Bidhuna & Sahar) highest area under paddy and wheat cropping were selected purposively and ten villages were selected randomly. The respondents were stratified into three size groups i.e., (i) marginal (blow 1 ha), (ii) small (1-2 ha) and (iii) medium (2-4 ha). The data was collected during the agricultural year 2014-15. The average size of farm worked out i.e. 0.99. on an average, per farm and per hectare investment on fixed assets come to Rs. 557862.00 and Rs. 559596.70, respectively. Cropping intensity came 298.85 per cent. On an average, gross income, net income of paddy and wheat worked out were Rs. 57548.58 Rs. 61211.49 and Rs. 12126.98 Rs. 16689.45, respectively. Input-output ratio of paddy and wheat were worked out viz., 1:1.27 and 1:1.37, respectively.
How to cite this article:
Swatantra Pratap, Rajeev Singh, JP Singh, Prince Kumar, Rajneesh Singh, Tushar Raghuvanshi, Chandan Singh and Amit Kumar Singh. A study the farm structure, assets, cropping pattern and cropping intensity of paddy and wheat on different size of farms in Auraiya district, of western U.P.. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 6(6): 2363-2369.