Vol. 7, Issue 1 (2018)
Incidence of pomegranate wilt in Karnataka
Author(s): Raja, Gururaj Sunkad and YS Amaresh
Abstract: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an ancient fruit, belongs to the family lythraceae. Pomegranate is native to Iran, where it was first cultivated in about 2000 BC and spread to the Mediterranean countries. India is the world’s leading country in pomegranate production. Fixed plot survey for incidence of pomegranate wilt was taken up during 2014-15 and 2015-16 in major pomegranate growing districts of Karnataka viz., Vijayapura, Bagalkot, Koppal, Yadgir, Raichur, Ballari, Chitradurga, Tumakura and Hassan. In each district, two taluks were selected, in each taluk five orchards were selected for disease incidence. Talukawise data on mean incidence of wilt over two seasons indicated that the highest incidence (33.34%) was recorded in Sira taluk of Tumakur district followed Bagalkot taluk of Bagalkot district (31.41%) and Hassan taluk of Hassan district (30.70%). The least incidence of 11.54 per cent was recorded in Shorapur taluk of Yadgir district. Among districts, the data over two seasons indicated that, Tumakur showed highest mean wilt incidence (30.62%) followed by Bagalkot (29.02%) and Hassan (28.75%). However, the lowest mean incidence over two seasons was observed in Yadagiri (14.81%) followed by Raichur (17.38%) and Koppal (20.5%). Further, it is clear from the survey data that Karnataka state recorded overall mean wilt incidence of 24.13 per cent. The incidence of wilt varied from 11.54 per cent (Shorapur) to 33.34 per cent (Sira).
How to cite this article:
Raja, Gururaj Sunkad and YS Amaresh. Incidence of pomegranate wilt in Karnataka. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018; 7(1): 120-125.