Vol. 7, Issue 1 (2018)
In vitro investigation of anti-inflammatory activity and evaluation of phytochemical profile of Syzygium caryophyllatum
Author(s): SN Heendeniya, WD Ratnasooriya and RN Pathirana
Abstract: This study examined the anti-inflammatory potential of an aquous root extract of Syzygium caryophyllatum (Family: Myrtaceae) and reference drug Declofenac sodium, invitro using heat induced egg albumin denaturation bio assay technique. The concentrations of the root extract used were 781.25, 1562.5, 3125, 6250 and 12500 μg/mL. While diclofenac sodum were 78.12, 156.25, 312.5, 625, 1250 and 2500 μg/mL. Both the extract (r2 = 0.97; P<0.05) and Diclofenac sodium (r2 = 0.87; P<0.05) displayed marked and concentration dependent inhibition of heat-induced protein denaturation with IC50 value of 6.229 *103 μ g/ml and ~1.704*108 μg/mL respectively. Phytochemical analysis of the extract revealed the presence of the flavanoids, phenols, tanins, alkaloids, saponins and amino acids. It is concluded that the aquous root extract of Sri Lankan grown Syzygium caryophyllatum possess marked in vitro anti-inflammatory activity which is mediated possibly by flavanoids, tanins and alkaloids. This is a novel finding. Further the results scientifically justify the use of roots of Syzygium caryophyllatum in Sri Lankan traditional medicine to treat inflammation.
How to cite this article:
SN Heendeniya, WD Ratnasooriya and RN Pathirana. In vitro investigation of anti-inflammatory activity and evaluation of phytochemical profile of Syzygium caryophyllatum. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018; 7(1): 1759-1763.