Vol. 7, Issue 1 (2018)
Analysis of volatile constituents in normal flower and insect induced flower gall of Crataeva religiosa
Author(s): Surabhi Sharma, Preeti Mishra and Vidya Patni
Abstract: The “insect” galls are unique examples of complex interactions and mutual adaptation between the host and the pathogen, characterized by cellular hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Crataeva religiosa Hook and Frost, (Capparidaceae) is one of the herbal drug in urolithiasis. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the major and minor phytochemical compounds present in normal flowers and the changes that occur in flower galls of Crataeva religiosa. The methanolic extracts of both the tissues were analysed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry technique for the study of major constituents. The GC-MS analysis of normal and galled flower of Crataeva religiosa showed the presence of eighty four and sixty four phytochemical compounds respectively. This analysis leads to the finding that under stressed conditions large no. of fatty acids and secondary metabolites were produced and the flower gall extract had a much higher unsaturated fatty acid content than normal flower extract. The fatty acids (oleic acid and palmitic acid) were found in higher amount in flower gall extract than normal flower extract. Whereas myristic acid could be detected only in gall extract. These compounds possess a wide range of proven industrial and medicinal values. This study will help in further investigation to predict the formula and structure of compounds which can be used as drugs and in industrial uses.
How to cite this article:
Surabhi Sharma, Preeti Mishra and Vidya Patni. Analysis of volatile constituents in normal flower and insect induced flower gall of Crataeva religiosa. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018; 7(1): 2667-2673.