Vol. 7, Issue 2 (2018)
Remedial options for the sustainability of rice-wheat cropping system
Author(s): SK Kakraliya, Sandeep Kumar, SS Kakraliya, KK Choudhary and LK Singh
Abstract: The rice-wheat cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) has contributed tremendously to food security of the region. However, of late there has been a significant slowdown in yield growth rate of this system and the sustainability of this important cropping system is at stake. A decline in soil productivity, particularly of organic C and N, deterioration in soil physical characteristics, a delay in sowing of wheat, and decreasing water availability are often suggested as the causes of this slowdown in productivity. Therefore, a paradigm shift is required for enhancing the system’s productivity and sustainability. Resource-conserving technologies involving zero- or minimum tillage with direct seeding, improved water-use efficiency, innovations in residue management to avoid straw burning, and crop diversification should assist in achieving sustainable productivity and allow farmers to minimize inputs, maximize yields, conserve the natural resource base, reduce risk due to both environmental and economic factors, and increase profitability.
How to cite this article:
SK Kakraliya, Sandeep Kumar, SS Kakraliya, KK Choudhary and LK Singh. Remedial options for the sustainability of rice-wheat cropping system. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018; 7(2): 163-171.