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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 6, Special Issue 1 (2017)
Characterization of genetic diversity in chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L) Using SSR Markers
Author(s): Mukesh Kumar, Vinay Kumar, Navneet Kumar and Satendra Kumar Yadav
Abstract: All Thirty seven cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) were collected from core collection maintained and grown CRC Chirodi of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology during rabi 2015-16 and molecular analysis was done in Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding. Chickpea is a highly nutritious grain legume crop and is one of the cheapest sources of protein. It can be eaten raw, roasted or boiled. It can also be processed into flour or dehulled grain (dal). It contains none of the anti-nutritional or toxic compounds often present in other legumes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the genetic diversity of chickpea varieties by SSR markers. PIC values ranged from 0.053 (Primer 7) to 0.876 (primer 4) with an average of 0.497. The resolving power (RP) varies between 0.702 (Primer 4) and 1.942 (Primer 7) with an average value of 1.311. GS values ranged from 0.10 to 1.00 among all the chickpea genotypes. The UPGMA based clustering grouped 37 chickpea genotypes into six major clusters. Based upon similarity coefficient and cluster analysis of SSR primers, chickpea genotypes V5 and V33 were found to be more diverse and they can be used for their desirable characteristic in breeding programmes.
How to cite this article:
Mukesh Kumar, Vinay Kumar, Navneet Kumar and Satendra Kumar Yadav. Characterization of genetic diversity in chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L) Using SSR Markers. 2017; 6(6S): 340-344.