Vol. 6, Special Issue 1 (2017)
Evaluation of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri L.) genotypes for growth and herbage yield under North Bihar agro-ecological conditions
Author(s): Udit Kumar
Abstract: Brahmi, a member of Scrophulariacea family is a creeping, branched succulent perennial herb distributed in wet and marshy lands throughout Bihar. It is propagated by stem cuttings. The whole herb is the source of the ayurvedic drug ‘Brahmi’. It is used in improving memory and intelligence and also in the treatment of dermatosis, anaemia, diabetics and insanity. Bacoposide is considered as the major active ingredient in this plant. In the present study, 14(fourteen) collections (genotypes) of Brahmi, obtained from various places of Bihar were evaluated for their growth and herbage yield traits under north Bihar condition in the herbal garden under AICRP on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants & Betelvine, Faculty of Agriculture, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar, during Kharif season of year 2015-16 to 2017-18. The pooled data of three years result revealed that there were significant variations among the genotypes with respect to vegetative growth and herbage yield. The variation among accessions for all seven characters was statistically significant. Maximum plant height, number of nodes per plant, number of primary branch per plant, leaf length and leaf width was recorded in accession no. IC-0622291. Maximum fresh herbage yield was recorded in the accession no. IC – 0622291 (222.53 q/ha) which was significantly superior to rest of the accession. Minimum was recorded in the accession no. IC – 0622293 (99.51q/ha). On the basis of growth and yield parameter it can be concluded that accession no. IC-0622291was the best genotype among the fourteen genotypes.
How to cite this article:
Udit Kumar. Evaluation of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri L.) genotypes for growth and herbage yield under North Bihar agro-ecological conditions. 2017; 6(6S): 427-429.