Vol. 6, Special Issue 1 (2017)
Hand anthropometry: Musculoskeletal symptoms among women workers performing packing activities in pharmaceutical industry
Author(s): Dr. V Prasuna and T Neeraja
Abstract: Anthropometry is the science of studying the difference in body size and proportions by measuring various body characteristics including height, weight, physical range of mobility, and body dimensions. In pharmaceutical industry mostly men are engaged for working with machines and equipments, whereas women are engaged for sedentary and repetitive manual work. In the industry though the process of manufacturing is mechanized, the process of packing is still undertaken manually by women often. The women workers are involved in packing carry out the work in sitting down posture with fairly long hours of static work. Work related musculoskeletal disorders arise from ordinary arm and hand movements such as bending, straightening, gripping, holding, twisting, clenching and reaching. These common movements are not particularly harmful in the ordinary activities of daily life, but they are hazardous in work situations of continual repetition, often in a forceful manner with lack of time for recovery between them. A study was carried out to know the relationship between anthropometry and occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms among women working in packing units of pharmaceutical industry. The results showed that the span length, forward grip reach and sitting height of the respondents was inversely proportional to musculoskeletal symptoms whereas shoulder breadth, shoulder elbow length and hand length of the respondents was found to be having no influence.
How to cite this article:
Dr. V Prasuna and T Neeraja. Hand anthropometry: Musculoskeletal symptoms among women workers performing packing activities in pharmaceutical industry. 2017; 6(6S): 540-544.