Vol. 7, Special Issue 1 (2018)
Innovative strategies and smart skills for dissemination of Climate-Resilient Rice Production technologies to farmers
Author(s): Amtul Waris, K Surekha and R Mahender Kumar
Abstract: In the present study a combination of experiential, reinforcement and integrative extension methods were employed to disseminate selected climate-resilient rice production technologies to farmers (150) in Devunigadda, Yellammatanda and Korra Tanda villages of Telangana, India. The experiential methods (method demonstrations, training, video film, exposure visits) allow the learner to gain experience with or to feel the information presented. Reinforcement methods (fact sheet, poster, pamphlet) were used to provide informational, emotional, or social support for the learner to facilitate learning and enhance or maintain the motivation to continue in the learning process. Integrative methods (discussion groups, personal visit, meeting) were utilized to provide opportunities for learners to merge new information with their existing knowledge. Selected climate-resilient rice production technologies i.e., use of green manure crop, Integrated Nutrient Management (INM), use of Leaf Color Chart (LCC) for optimizing nutrient use, setting up of vermi-compost units were demonstrated on the farmer’s fields during kharif 2016. Nutrient-smart technologies like, green manure crop was grown for 45-60 days on farmers’ fields in Devunigadda village and was incorporated into the soil before puddling. Farmers expressed satisfaction over the use of green manure and vermi compost along with zinc and balanced chemical fertilizers in reclaiming problem soils. The yield improvement ranged from 22.1 to 36.6% due to INM practice. Water smart interventions that improve water use efficiency were demonstrated through creating awareness on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) techniques. Skill training on use of drum seeder was undertaken in two villages as an energy smart technology. These Climate Smart interventions aim to sustainably increase productivity and income, build resilience to climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance achievement of food security goals. The farmers were thus motivated to adopt these climate-resilient rice production technologies to achieve food and livelihood security.
How to cite this article:
Amtul Waris, K Surekha and R Mahender Kumar. Innovative strategies and smart skills for dissemination of Climate-Resilient Rice Production technologies to farmers. 2018; 7(1S): 1267-1269.