Vol. 7, Special Issue 1 (2018)
Enhancement of Farmers’ income through agriculture and dairy technology in changing climate scenario in Banka district
Author(s): Dharmendra Kumar, Kumari Sharda, Sanjiv Kumar and Maya Kumari
Abstract: The present study was conducted to know the role of agriculture and dairy farming on enhancement of farmer’s income. The 55 dairy farmers from 11 blocks of Banka district were interviewed personally using standard procedure with pre-module questionnaires. The data were comparing with 10 years back. In paddy seed rate and fertilizer application was decreased by 20 and 52%. But in wheat seed rate increased by 2% and fertilizer application decreased by 11%. The irrigation cost decreased by 36% and 33% but total input increased by 7% and 23% in paddy and wheat, respectively. The production, grain price and straw price were increased by 9 and 6; 45 and 33; 39 and 16.76%, respectively. Income through selling of straw was 67 and 13% of total input in paddy and wheat. The gross and net income in wheat and paddy were increased by 44; 32 and 69; 49%, respectively which was statistically significant (P<0.01). The area of paddy production was increased by 1.0 acre. Application of compost was 2.4 trolley /acre, but area of wheat production was almost same. The net income through agriculture was 14307 and 23530 Rs/acre hence increased by 64% in last ten years which was statistically significant (P<0.01). Income through dairy was 48875Rs/animal/year which contributed 67.50% of total annual income of farmers. Urea treated straw feeding was 6.8± 0.2 kg/ day/animal with Concentrate and roughage ratio was 41: 59. Urea treatment of straw (UTS) costing average 0.84 Rs/kg and feeding of UST decreased the concentrate requirement by 20% saving average 10,187Rs/Inter calving period/cow. UTS also prevent the decrease in milk yield by 10% when green fodder was not available. Costing of Silage making was 0.72Rs/kg and feeding of silage increased the milk yield (%) and Fat% by 10 and 0.52, respectively. Water feeding on the average 5 litre/kg milk production increased milk yield by 1.2 -1.5 kg and decreased the effect of heat stress on animals. They regularly applied spray of potassium permagnet solution after milking to prevent from mastitis. Hence dairy farming and technology application increase the agriculture income of dairy farmers as well as double the income
How to cite this article:
Dharmendra Kumar, Kumari Sharda, Sanjiv Kumar and Maya Kumari. Enhancement of Farmers’ income through agriculture and dairy technology in changing climate scenario in Banka district. 2018; 7(1S): 1522-1526.