Technical competency and challenges in coffee production in Odisha, India
Author(s): Siddhartha Das, Sudeepta Pattanayak and Biswajit Mallick
Abstract: Coffee is a brewed drink prepared by processing of roasted coffee beans. It differentiated from other beverage in aroma, taste and quality drinks. Most of the countries have grown, processed and consumed as well as exports coffee products to get good income. In this race, India also takes part and has a great role in coffee production and export to international markets. Indian coffee fetched an international trade value for it’s special characters like blending quality, mild and less acidic nature. India divided into two parts as traditional and non-traditional region of coffee production. Almost 97% of coffee produced from traditional area having Western Ghats and rest 3% from non-traditional area having Eastern Ghats and north-eastern states. South-western part of Odisha covered by Eastern Ghats has evidence of coffee production since 1930’s. Coffee production started a long year ago but a number of constrains and challenges reduce quantity and quality of coffee in Odisha. Lack of education and awareness among tribal plays an important factor for lesser amount of cultivation. Unavailability of land, laborers, uncertainty in seasonal rainfall ceases production. Inappropriate market structure, large marketing channels and selling price is not satisfactory to attract new growers. Biological challenges like insect pest infestation, newly emerging diseases are harmful for quality coffee beans. Except all dearth of interest and government supports coffee cultivation is merely difficult in Odisha. This article aims to forecast a clear view of coffee production and challenges in Odisha region.
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