Vol. 9, Special Issue 4 (2020)
Evaluation of storage strategies of grains perceived by farmers of Bihta block in Bihar
Author(s): Alok Kumar, Rahul Jain and Dhananjay Kumar
Abstract: Study on valuation of grain storage methods adopted by farmers was carried out during the year 2013-2014. For this study sixty farmers adopted improved method of storage and sixty farmers adopted traditional method of grain storage designed the sample. The data was elicited through the personal interview method using pre-tested schedule. The study revealed that the socio-economic status of the respondents was medium level. Pucca koti was most preferred method by farmers adopting improved method and farmers adopting traditional method with first rank. The study also reported that cereals and pulses were threshed by machines, whereas oil crops by manually. Grain loss was maximum when grains were transported by manually than the bullock cart and tractor. Over 47 per cent of maize and mustard growers used gunny bags for storage. Higher per cent (46.00%) paddy growers used Pucca koti for storage of grains. Highest loss (20.90%) was observed in case of fertilizer bag of paddy crop, while in case of gunny bags and earthen pot, the loss was about 7.38% and 7.71%. Minimum loss of grains was observed in metal bin (5.98%). Farmers reported that pre-storage loss during drying and cleaning was higher than the loss during the storage. By applying Chi-square (χ2) test the association between independent variables and knowledge of the respondents results implied that Age (χ2 = 0.223), Education (χ2 = 1.845), and Farm size (χ2 = 0.541) Annual Income (χ2 = 1.612), Social participation (χ2 = 9.24), and Mass Media Exposure (χ2 = 7.226) have significant association with the knowledge level of respondents. The average storage cost per quintal per year was highest (Rs. 21) in gunny bags and lowest (Rs. 11) in case of metal bin.
How to cite this article:
Alok Kumar, Rahul Jain and Dhananjay Kumar. Evaluation of storage strategies of grains perceived by farmers of Bihta block in Bihar. 2020; 9(4S): 76-80.