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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 13, Issue 4 (2024)

Evaluation of the nutritional and antibacterial activities of aqueous and ethanolic extract from peacock flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima L) for traditional medicine

Author(s):

Aladekoyi Gbenga, Giwa OE, Ogundowole O and Eyinola OM

Abstract:

This Study revealed the potency of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts, mineral composition, and phytochemical properties of the peacock flower plant for its health benefits. It was revealed that the ethanolic and aqueous extracts possess antibacterial effects against various bacterial strains. The zone of inhibition revealed that Shigella has 22.00±0.20mm and 11.00±0.20 for ethanolic and aqueous extract respectively, E. Colli. (10.00±0.10 and 7.00±0.20), Salmonella typhi (20.00±0.10 and18.00±0.20), Klebsiella pneumonia (5.00±0.10 and 2.00±0.20), Staphylococcus aureus(7.00±0.20 and 8.50±0.20 ), Enterobacter and Proteus had no zone. These extracts have been found to inhibit the growth and proliferation of bacteria such as Shigella and Salmonella typhi which are commonly associated with infections in humans. The peacock flower extracts are attributed to the presence of bioactive compounds, including flavonoids, alkaloids, and tannins. Saponin was found to be highest with the ethanolic extract (16.650±0.20) and potassium was the highest in the ethanolic extract (15.120±0.20). The Overall results of peacock flower extracts, particularly the ethanolic extract, exhibit promising antibacterial activity against various bacterial strains. Further research is warranted to fully understand the mechanisms of action and potential applications of these extracts in the development of natural antimicrobial agents.

Pages: 90-96  |  55 Views  19 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Aladekoyi Gbenga, Giwa OE, Ogundowole O and Eyinola OM. Evaluation of the nutritional and antibacterial activities of aqueous and ethanolic extract from peacock flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima L) for traditional medicine. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2024;13(4):90-96. DOI: 10.22271/phyto.2024.v13.i4b.14998

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