Turmeric, botanically known as Curcuma longa, Linn, grows in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. The turmeric possesses high nutritional value. Extensive research within the last half a century has proven that most of these activities, associated with turmeric are due to curcumin. The medicinal properties of Turmeric include anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-coagulant, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-ulcer, wound healing and anti-fertility activities. It is effectively used in diabetes, various malignant disease, Alzheimer’s disease and other chronic disease.
The present paper reviews the Introduction, Geographical distribution, History, Cultivation, Uses, Strange facts, Side effects, Synonyms, Botanical description, Taxonomical classification, Nutritional value, Phytochemical constituents, and Pharmacological activities along with the current trends in research on Turmeric.