Abstract: Background and Objectives:
The fruits of Garcinia cambogia
and Garcinia zeylanica
(Family: Clusiaceae), look more like a small yellowish, greenish, or sometimes reddish pumpkin with thin skin and deep vertical lobes. The colour can vary considerably. The dried rinds are used in traditional recipes for cooking in many Southeast Asian countries. Present study was brought up as a physicochemical and phytochemical comparison of fruit rinds of G. cambogia
and G. zeylanica
Materials and Methods: Evaluation of physicochemical parameters (in terms of total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash, pH and specific gravity) and phytochemical [by screening of secondary metabolites and development of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)] analysis were carried out for both fruit rinds.
Results: Total ash, water soluble ash and acid insoluble ash contents were higher in G. cambogia than that of G. zeylanica. The values for pH and specific gravity of G. cambogia water extract were almost same to that of G. zeylanica water extract. Phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, steroids and terpenoids were present in higher amounts in both G. cambogia and G. zeylanica water extracts. There were slight differences in Rf values of G. cambogia (254 nm: 0.07, 0.19, 0.30, 0.48, 0.54, 0.60, 0.73, 0.79, 0.94 and 366 nm: 0.06, 0.19, 0.23, 0.57, 0.66) and G. zeylanica (254 nm: 0.04, 0.11, 0.14, 0.32, 0.42, 0.47, 0.67 and 366 nm: 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.15) TLC fingerprint profiles.
Conclusion: There were similarities and as well as differences in between G. cambogia and G. zeylanica in terms of phytochemical and physicochemical parameters.