Pharmacognosy

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 4 (2019)

Investigation of chemical composition of methanolic extract of Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze by using FTIR and GC-MS

Author(s): Reena Antil, Lalita Singh, Dheeraj K Gahlawat and Pushpa Dahiya
Abstract: Introduction: Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze (Lamiaceae) is camphor scented perennial weed have brush leaves. Traditionally, the plant has been used as folk medicine to cure fever, whooping cough, uterine infection, allergy, snake bite, liver protection, mouth abscess and toothache.
Method: Plant extract from aerial parts of A. indica prepared in soxhlet assembly. Screening for phyto chemicals was carried out as per standard methods. FTIR and GC-MS analysis of the methanolic extracts of A. India was performed.
Results: FTIR results find out the major peaks between ranges of952 cm-1to 3430 cm-1. FTIR peak spectrum indicated the presence of alcohols, alkanes, alkyl halides, unsaturated hydrocarbons, fatty acids, amines, acid anhydride and carboxylic compounds. GC-MS chromatogram of methanolic extract showed the presence of 14 phyto compounds. Out of 14 compound, three compounds have high percentage of Cyclohexane,1-ethnyl-1-methyl-2,4-bis(1-methylethyl)-[1S-(1-alpha,2-bet-(21.98), Caryophyllene (27.68), Naphthalene,1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-4a,8-diemthyl-2-methylethenyl) (25.98) and the low percentage of Bicyclo[7.2.0]undec-4-ene,4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylene(0.406).Mainly terpenoids have been detected from the methanolic extract of this plant most of which are sesquiterpenes. Others are alkaloids and phenols. Sesquiterpenes display antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancerous property.
Conclusion: Present investigation reveals the presence of bioactive compounds in the methanolic extract, which have of phyto pharmaceutical significance.
Pages: 49-54  |  572 Views  69 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Reena Antil, Lalita Singh, Dheeraj K Gahlawat, Pushpa Dahiya. Investigation of chemical composition of methanolic extract of Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze by using FTIR and GC-MS. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(4):49-54.
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry