In this study, we targeted enzymes (Erg11, Erg5, Erg3), transporters (CDR1, CDR2), and cytochrome 450 (CaALK8) involved in MDR of Candida albicans, which caused fungal disease. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) and some other major facilitator superfamilies (MFS) of transporters are responsible for MDR in Candida Albicans.
Material and methods: The compounds present in Parthenium hysterophorus L. were docked against the proteins involved in MDR of Candida Albicans. PyRx-Python prescription 0.8. was used to identify binding affinities of compounds against the proteins.
Result and Discussion: Erg11, Erg5, Erg3, CDR1, CDR2 and CaALK8 proteins docked with β-Sitosterol (-10.6, -9.6, -9.6, -9.6, -9.6, and -8.5) ç-Sitosterol (-9.9, -9.2, -9.3, -9.4, -9.6, and -8.5). Piperine (-10.0, -8.3, -9.3, -8.4, -8.5, and -8.4) Kcal/mol respectively and found to show good hydrophobic interactions.
Conclusion: In this study, we may conclude that compounds isolated from parthenium hysterophorus might be effective against the fungal disease caused by Candida Albicans.