Abstract: Gmelina arborea
. Linn is one of the important medicinal plants most widely propagated and cultivated species of the family Verbenaceae. It is commonly known as “Kashmarya” and one of the herbs mentioned in all ancient scriptures of Ayurveda. It is a beautiful fast growing avenue tree that grows throughout India. This medicinal plant is highly valued from time immemorial because of its vast medicinal properties. Gambhari an essential component of Dashamuala. The Rasayana (rejuvunative), Medhya (Memory enhancer) and Vrishya (Aphrodisiac) activities have been related to its fruits, which are edible in nature. The leaf of Gambhari has been mentioned in the diseases like Vrana(Wounds) and Kushta (Skin diseases). The classical part of plant Gambhari is root. It is extensively used traditionally as antihelmintic, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, diuretic, hepatoprotective and antiepileptic agent. The present article provides insight on the Pharmacognostic study of fruit and leaf Gambhari.
Objective: To investigate Macroscopic, Microscopic structures, Powder analysis of Gambhari (Gmelina arborea. Linn) Phala (Fruit) and Patra (Leaves). Which is well mentioned plant in all Ayurvedic classics.
Methods: The Pharmacognostic study was done based on the principles mentioned in Pharmacognosy of Kokate.
Results: Macroscopic and Microscopic study showed distinct characteristics in the Fruits of Gambhari like Epicarp, Mesocarp and Endocarp and Leaves of Gambhari like Epidermis, Mesophyll and Vascular bundles. Powder analysis of Gambhari Fruit revealed the presence of Stone cells, Oil globules, Fragments of lignified fibers and Powder analysis of Gambhari Leaf showed the multi cellular, uni – seriate trichomes, glandular trichomes and starch grains.
Conclusion: In the standardization of the drug and identification and to ensure quality and purity standards.