Starfruit, botanically known as Averrhoa carambola
, grows in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. The Starfruit can be used raw as vegetable and ripe as fruit. The Starfruit is sweet tasting fruit that possesses high nutritional value. From the time immemorial, the whole starfruit tree is used as a traditional medicine. The medicinal properties of Starfruit include anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hypotensive, anthelmintic, anti-oxidant, anti-ulcer, hypocholesterolemic and hypolipidemic, antimicrobial, anti-tumor activities. It is effectively used in diabetes and help to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
The present paper reviews the Introduction, Geographical distribution, history, cultivation, uses, strange facts, side effects, synonyms, botanical description, taxonomical classification, nutritional value, phytochemical constituents, and pharmacological activities along with the current trends in research on starfruit.