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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Issue 2 (2018)

Fatty acid profile and quality assessment of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) oil at region

Author(s):

MB Katkade, HM Syed, RR Andhale and MD Sontakke

Abstract:
The present investigation was undertaken with the objective to study the different physico-chemical properties, fatty acid profile by GC and total tocopherol by HPLC of the safflower oil. The different physical properties as density, specific gravity, refractive index and viscosity whilst, chemical properties iodine value, peroxide value, saponification value and acid value were determined. Color by Hunter Color Flex meter showed the highest reading for the lightness L* (45.24). The fatty acid profile of safflower oil showed 14 fatty acid with variation of fatty acid concentration. In unsaturated fatty acids the PUFA was found to be dominant with highest concentration of linoleic acid (76.22%) followed by oleic acid (13.75%). Whereas, palmitic acid showed the highest concentration 6.02% among all the saturated fatty acids. The ratio of PUFA/ TSFA and TSFA/TUFA was obtained to be 7.93 and 0.10 resp. Finally, Total tocopherol content was 513.8mg/kg of safflower oil.

Pages: 3581-3585  |  861 Views  270 Downloads

How to cite this article:
MB Katkade, HM Syed, RR Andhale and MD Sontakke. Fatty acid profile and quality assessment of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) oil at region. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(2):3581-3585.