Horticulture crops cover large varieties of fruits and vegetables, flowers, plantation/spice crops. Medicinal and aromatic plants, roots and tuber crops. Fruits are man’s oldest food. Fruit cultivation is as old as human civilization itself. Cultivation of fruit is a very important factor contributing to the property of Nation. Fruits and vegetables are the prime source of vitamins and minerals without which human body cannot maintain proper health to resist the diseases. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had recommended the consumption of at least 92 grams of fruits per day and as much variety as the season permits (Anonymous, 2001a).
Papaya (Carica papaya) is the third most important fruit crop in India next to mango & banana. Papaya belongs to the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae with 48 species of all the species Carica papaya L. is the most important and best known. It is cultivated all over the world. The original home of papaya is Tropical America. It has been reviewed by Schroeder (1958), where archaeological, historical and biological information have been used to pin point the possible origin of papaya (Singh, 1990). The Dutch Traveller Linschoten in 1598 described fruit brought from the Philippines to Malaya and hence to India.
The design of the study is a prerequisite for any scientific investigation, so this chapter seals with the material and methods adopted for conducting the present study. The present research had been taken up in Lucknow district of Uttar Pradesh. The details regarding methodology adopted in selection of location, methods of data collection in the selection of the samples, the nature and source of data, and the various statistical analytical tools and techniques employed in achieving the objectives of the study.