Performance study of fl hybrids of tomato (Solonum lycopersicum L.)
Author(s): Birje PR, DB Kshirsagar and SR Shinde
Abstract: An investigation was conducted during rabi season 2017-2018 at Tomato Improvement Scheme, Department of Horticulture, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri. The experiment consisted of eight hybrids and two hybrid checks (Abhinav and Phule Raja) were planted in Randomized Block Design in three replications to evaluate the superior hybrid of tomato for yield and quality purpose with disease tolerance. There were significant differences among the hybrids studied for days to 50 per cent flowering. 2 X 7 (32.00 days) was earliest hybrid followed by 3 X 4 (33.00 days) and 3 X 5 (34.00 days).Yield per plant differed significantly among hybrids which may attributed to significantly higher number of fruits per plant and average fruit weight. The highest fruit yield per plant was recorded in hybrid 3 X 5 (2.27 kg plant-I) followed by 7 X 8 (2.20 kg plant-5. The fruit firmness was highest for 3 X 5 (2.27 N/mm2) followed by 7 X 8 (2.16 N/mm2). The hybrid 3 X 5 recorded less incidence of Tomato leaf curl virus (5.83%) and Spotted wilt virus (0.83%). While the hybrid 7 X 8 and 6 X 7 also showed less incidence against viral diseases. Considering the yield/plant; firmness of fruits and incidence of viral diseases the hybrids 3 X 5 and 7 X 8 can be exploited commercially.
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