Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2016)
Quantitative phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plant species by using various organic solvents
Author(s): M Madhu, V Sailaja, TNVSS Satyadev, MV Satyanarayana
Abstract: In the present study, 10 medicinally important plant species were screened for their phytochemicals (quantitatively) by using 4 different solvent (water [AQ], Acetone [AE], Petroleum Ether [PE] and chloroform [CF]) extracted from their selected parts (leaves, stem, pericarp of the fruit and seeds cotyledons). All the plants which are selected for the study contains phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, phenols and saponins. The highest concentrations ofrnalkaloids are observed in L.officinale leaf and F.vulgare stem extracts by using PE. The highest amounts of flavonoids are seen in AQ and PE extracts of G.indica, D.loureiri, S. saponaria. The moderate concentrations of phenols are reported in AQ and PE extracts of J.curcas and S.saponaria plant species. The high concentrations of steroids are reported in S.saponaria plant fruit pericarpic extract with PE. The concentration of phytochemicals varied, when different organic solvents are used for the extraction procedure.
How to cite this article:
M Madhu, V Sailaja, TNVSS Satyadev, MV Satyanarayana. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plant species by using various organic solvents. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2016; 5(2): 25-29.