Vol. 6, Special Issue 1 (2017)
Terms of contractin hybrid rice seed production in Telangana: A case of surrogacy system
Author(s): Rajashekar K and Virendra Singh
Abstract: The climatic conditions of Telangana state are suitable for the hybrid rice seed production and the state is known it. Many small and marginal farmers in the state are engaged in hybrid rice seed production under contractual agreement, which vary from company to company and from farmer to farmer. Present investigation was undertaken to study the terms of contract; and to rank the constraints faced by farmers. The data on different aspects pertaining to the year 2014-15 was collected from 90 farmers. The crucial inputs and services for seed production were supplied by the seed companies to the farmers at pre-agreed/prevailing prices or free of charge and most of the terms and conditions specified in the agreement were fulfilled by the seed companies and farmers, baring few exceptions. For development of the crop the deficiencies need to be plugged by all-round efforts by scientists, farmers, extension agencies, government, NGOs, etc.