Vol. 7, Special Issue 5 (2018)
Heritability, genetic advance and correlation studies of cross pollination in CMS lines of rice influenced with floral traitst
Author(s): RP Srivastava, Rajesh Singh, B Singh, SK Sahoo and Mukesh Kr Singh
Abstract: Heritably is the most important feature of a trait that is directly affected the selection for improvement and selection is the basic tool of any crop improvement program. At the genetic level variability is the necessity of the selection. The variability in floral traits of CMS lines is very useful particularly for breeding CMS lines with high out crossing potential in rice. This experiment is an attempt that has been made to study floral variability and association among floral traits. Ten cyto-sterile lines and their maintainers, possessing “Wild Abortive” (WA) type of stable cytoplasm were studied for Heritability, Genetic advance and Correlation among floral traits influencing out crossing in rice. Significant positive correlation were observed between stigma breath with anther breadth & anther size; percentage of stigma exsertion with stigma length, angle of opened florets and style length; angle of opened florets with style length; stigma length with anther length; duration of opening of floret with percentage of stigma exsertion, angle of opened florets, filament length and filament length after elongation; stigma breadth with stigma surface, anther breadth and anther size; anther breadth with anther size and filament length; filament length with filament length after elongation. Characters such as blooming, angleof florets, stigma exertion, stigma breadth, stigma surface, style length, anther breadth and filament showed high broad sense heritability attached with medium genetic advance were useful trait for genetic improvement.