Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2012)
Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Banana
K. P. Sampath Kumar*, Debjit Bhowmik, S.Duraivel, M.Umadevi
Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. It is one of the oldest cultivated plants. All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the flowers in bronchitis and dysentery and on ulcers; cooked flowers are given to diabetics; the astringent plant sap in cases of hysteria, epilepsy, leprosy, fevers, hemorrhages, acute dysentery and diarrhea, and it is applied on hemorrhoids, insect and other stings and bites; young leaves are placed as poultices on burns and other skin afflictions; the astringent ashes of the unripe peel and of the leaves are taken in dysentery and diarrhea and used for treating malignant ulcers; the roots are administered in digestive disorders, dysentery and other ailments; banana seed mucilage is given in cases of diarrhea in India. Antifungal and antibiotic principles are found in the peel and pulp of fully ripe bananas. The antibiotic acts against Mycobacteria. A fungicide in the peel and pulp of green fruits is active against a fungus disease of tomato plants. Norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin are also present in the ripe peel and pulp. The first two elevate blood pressure; serotonin inhibits gastric secretion and stimulates the smooth muscle of the intestines.
Pages: 51-63 | 4658 Views 2111 Downloads
K. P. Sampath Kumar*, Debjit Bhowmik, S.Duraivel, M.Umadevi. Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Banana. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2012;1(3):51-63.