Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2013)
Elicitors in Plant Tissue Culture
Heena Patel , R. Krishnamurthy
Plants or Plant cells in vitro, show physiological and morphological response to microbial, physical or chemical factors which are known as â€˜elicitorsâ€™. Elicitation is a process of induced or enhanced synthesis of secondary metabolites by the plants to ensure their survival persistence and competitiveness. The application of elicitors, which is currently the focus of research, has been considered as one of the most effective methods to improve the synthesis of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants. Plant secondary metabolites are unique sources for pharmaceuticals, food additives, flavours and other industrial materials. Accumulation of such metabolites often occurs in plants subjected to stresses including various elicitors or signal molecules. Commonly tested chemical elicitors are salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, bezoic acid, chitosan and so forth which affect production of phenolic compounds and activation of various defense-related enzymes in plants. Plants are challenged by a variety of biotic stresses like fungal, bacterial or viral infections. This lead to the great loss to a plant yield. Here we discuss the classification of elicitors, mechanism of elicitor, the use of elicitors and the different features of elicitors.
Pages: 60-65 | 4493 Views 1306 Downloads
Heena Patel , R. Krishnamurthy. Elicitors in Plant Tissue Culture. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2013;2(2):60-65.