Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2014)
Pharmacognostic studies of the fruits of Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.)Roxb
Aji Abraham, Lizzy Mathew and Sarala Samuel
The fruits of Terminalia bellirica were studied to analyze its pharmacognostic characters. Organoleptic studies of the air dried powdered fruit rind revealed characters like yellowish brown colour, astringent taste and aromatic odour. The fluorescent analysis of the powder after treatment with different chemical reagents under visible and short UV light showed different colour changes. Microscopic evaluation of the fruit rind revealed epidermal hairs, stone cells, starch grains and needle like crystals of Calcium oxalate as the key identifying features which were confirmed by powder microscopy. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of the aqueous extract revealed the presence of glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, saponin, carbohydrates and proteins.
Pages: 45-52 | 2291 Views 285 Downloads
Aji Abraham, Lizzy Mathew and Sarala Samuel. Pharmacognostic studies of the fruits of Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.)Roxb. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2014;3(2):45-52.