Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2014)
Phytochemical and Antibacterial Analysis of Two Important Curcuma species, Curcuma aromatica Salisb. and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. (Zingiberaceae)
Anjusha S. and Gangaprasad A.
A fSince ancient times, people have been exploring the nature, particularly plants in search of new drugs. This has resulted in the use of a large number of medicinal plants with curative properties to treat various diseases. Phytochemical screening of medicinal plants is very important in identifying new sources of therapeutically and industrially important compounds. It is imperative to initiate an urgent step for screening of plants for secondary metabolites. The present study compares two plant species Curcuma aromatica and Curcuma xanthorrhiza coming under the family Zingiberaceae, two medicinally and industrially important plant species. Phytochemical analysis reveals the presence of major phytochemicals like flavonoids, tannin, saponin, Terpenoids in both the species. A high amount of curcumin was found in C. xanthorrhiza (1.0863 g/100 g) as compared to C. aromatica. Antibacterial activity of the aqueous rhizome extract of the two species was studied. The highest percentage of zone of inhibition (89%) was recorded against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Curcuma xanthorrhiza.
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Anjusha S. and Gangaprasad A.. Phytochemical and Antibacterial Analysis of Two Important Curcuma species, Curcuma aromatica Salisb. and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. (Zingiberaceae). J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2014;3(3):50-53.