Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2014)
Investigation of Mineral Constituents of Apium graveolens L available in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan
Kalsoom Qureshi, Farrukh Tabassum, Neelam, Muhammad Amin, Muhammad Zain Akram, Muhammad Zafar
Apium graveolens L, member of the family "Umbelliferae", is an unadventurous vegetable which is known to be beneficial in the treatment of a number of diseases. Samples of Apium graveolens L were obtained in the month of May-July, 2013, from its natural habitat as wild species and seeds (Celery) of the same were collected from three different markets of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan i.e. Peshawar, Swat and DI Khan. In this work, the wild plant as well as the market celery was investigated for proximate composition, elemental analysis, phytochemical screening, essential oils and vitamin â€“ C. Analysis of the study revealed average 50% moisture in the aerial parts and seeds of the plant. It was found that the leaves of the subject plant contained the maximum level of vitamin ÂÂ-C (60.35 mg 100-1 gm) while seeds were found to be containing the minimum level of vitamin- C (1.34 mg 100-1gm). Elemental analysis of the data suggested that highest amount of K (5100 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹), P (4099 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹), Ca (674 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹), Ni (4.41 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹), Cd (1.94 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹) and Se (0.41 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹) was observed in the roots of the plant where as minimum level of Fe (141.23 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹), Mn (27.58 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹), and Zn (12.32 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹) was found in the leaves of the plant. The mean values of the data suggest that the maximum level of K was present in the roots of the plant (5100 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹) followed by that of stem (2321 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹) whereas minimum level was investigated in the leaves of the plant (1966 Âµg gÂ¯Â¹). The knowledge of mineral constituents of this plant could be beneficial for medicinal use and pharmacological actions.
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Kalsoom Qureshi, Farrukh Tabassum, Neelam, Muhammad Amin, Muhammad Zain Akram, Muhammad Zafar. Investigation of Mineral Constituents of Apium graveolens L available in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2014;3(4):234-239.