A. Saini, D. K. Gahlawat, C. Chauhan, S. K. Gulia, S. A. Ganie, Archita and S. S. Yadav
Abutilon indicum is one of the renowned plant species used to treat a large number of human ailments. The whole plant or its specific parts (leaves, stem, roots, fruits and seeds) are known to have medicinal properties and have a long history of use by indigenous and tribal people in India.Traditionally, the plant is used for treatment of inflammation, piles, gonorrhea and as an immune stimulant. In general, its root and bark are used as aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic and diuretic. Seeds are used in the treatment of cough, urinary disorders and as a laxative in piles. More importantly, the juice from its leaves has been used to formulate an ointment for quick ulcer healing properties. Besides, it is widely used in folk medicine for treating fever, cough, lung disease, urine output, deafness, ringing in the ears, mumps and pulmonary tuberculosis. Some important essential oil constituents like Î±-pinene, caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, endesmol, farnesol, borenol, geraniol, geranyl acetate, elemene and Î±-cineole have been reported from plant. Phytoconstituents like Î²-Sitosterol, caffeic acid, fumaric acid, vanillin, p-coumaric acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, sesquiterpene including lactones, alantolactone and isoalanto-lactone have also been reported from different part of the plant.The present paper highlights evidence-based overview of phytochemical and ethnomedicinal properties of A. indicum, which may be helpful to establish a standard natural drugs for further research.
A. Saini, D. K. Gahlawat, C. Chauhan, S. K. Gulia, S. A. Ganie, Archita and S. S. Yadav. Ethnomedicinal uses and phytochemistry of Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet: an overview. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2015;3(5):66-72.