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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2015)

Cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory activities of a polyphenols enriched extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa petal extracts in wistar rats

Author(s):

Abba Pacôme Obouayeba, Souleymane Meité, Lydie Boyvin, Dodehe Yeo, Tanoh Hilaire Kouakou, Jean David N’Guessan

Abstract:
Hibiscus sabdariffa is a medicinal and food plant rich in phytochemical compounds which are the source of its biological properties. This study was conducted to assess its cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory proprieties. The study of the cardioprotective activity was made with 20 Wistar rats divided into four groups. The treatments were carried out via oral route and at single dose for one week. After injection of doxorubicin, blood samples were collected for the dosage of biochemical markers of cardiotoxicity (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase MB and lactate deshydrogenase). The anti-inflammatory activity was also conducted with 20 Wistar rats divided into four groups. After administration of treatments via oral route, the volume of the legs of the animals was measured. The results had shown that the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin observed in rats of group 2 was significantly different (P<0.05) from the other groups (control, 3 and 4) treated with the plant extract as shown by the biochemical markers of cardiotoxicity. The markers were statistically identical (P<0.05) for groups 3, 4 and control. Induction of inflammation by carrageenan and anti-inflammatory property of Hibiscus sabdariffa with the paws of the rats in control group statistically larger than (P<0.05) those of the animals of other groups (2, 3 and 4) regardless of the observation time. These results confirm and reinforce the position of Hibiscus sabdariffa as a medicinal and food plant with several therapeutic potential.

Pages: 57-63  |  1560 Views  32 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Abba Pacôme Obouayeba, Souleymane Meité, Lydie Boyvin, Dodehe Yeo, Tanoh Hilaire Kouakou, Jean David N’Guessan. Cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory activities of a polyphenols enriched extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa petal extracts in wistar rats. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2015;4(1):57-63.