Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2016)
Pharmacognostic, fluorescent, antibacterial and phytochemical analysis of tuber of Dioscorea bulbifera L. from Jharkhand
Raphael R Marandi, S John Britto, Mariat George, Emasushan Minj
locally called as â€˜Githi kandaâ€™ and belonging to Dioscoreaceae family, is used as food and ethnomedicine by the tribals of Jharkhand. According to the informants, the tuber powder is used against diarrhoea, malaria and diabetes. Phytochemical screening of the tuber extracts exhibited the presence of alkaloids, starch, coumarin, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, phenols, tannins and free amino acids in high concentrations. Analytical HPLC chromatogram revealed only a few bioactive compounds but in good concentrations. GC-MS analysis detected the presence of only five bioactive compounds. Fluorescent study exhibited characteristic colour data while the pharmacognostic evaluation indicated the storage of high amount of starch grains. The present study is supportive of the ethnomedicinal usage of tuber of D. bulbifera
for the treatment of malaria, diarrhoea, aphrodisiac, rejuvenating and diabetes which may give lead to further the research in isolation and purification of noble drugs for the treatment of given diseases.
Pages: 08-14 | 2215 Views 273 Downloads
Raphael R Marandi, S John Britto, Mariat George, Emasushan Minj. Pharmacognostic, fluorescent, antibacterial and phytochemical analysis of tuber of Dioscorea bulbifera L. from Jharkhand. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(1):08-14.