is a member of the Annonaceae family and is a fruit tree with a long history of traditional use. A. muricata
, also known as soursop, graviola and guanabana, is an evergreen plant that is mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The fruits of A. muricata
are extensively used to prepare syrups, candies, beverages, ice creams and shakes. A wide array of ethnomedicinal activities is contributed to different parts of A. muricata
, and indigenous communities in Africa and South America extensively use this plant in their folk medicine. This article summarizes external morphology of the plant including leaves, fruit and seeds. Numerous investigations have substantiated these activities, including anticancer, anticonvulsant, anti-arthritic, antiparasitic, antimalarial, hepatoprotective and antidiabetic, analgesic hypotensive, antiinflammatory, and immune enhancing effects. Phytochemical studies reveal that annonaceous acetogenins are the major constituents of A. muricata
. More than 100 annonaceous acetogenins have been isolated from leaves, barks, seeds, roots and fruits of A. muricata
. In view of the immense studies on A. muricata
, this review strives to unite available information regarding its phytochemistry, traditional uses and biological activities.