Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2016)
Quantitative phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plant species by using various organic solvents
M Madhu, V Sailaja, TNVSS Satyadev, MV Satyanarayana
In the present study, 10 medicinally important plant species were screened for their phytochemicals (quantitatively) by using 4 different solvent (water [AQ], Acetone [AE], Petroleum Ether [PE] and chloroform [CF]) extracted from their selected parts (leaves, stem, pericarp of the fruit and seeds cotyledons). All the plants which are selected for the study contains phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, phenols and saponins. The highest concentrations ofrnalkaloids are observed in L.officinale
leaf and F.vulgare
stem extracts by using PE. The highest amounts of flavonoids are seen in AQ and PE extracts of G.indica, D.loureiri, S. saponaria.
The moderate concentrations of phenols are reported in AQ and PE extracts of J.curcas
plant species. The high concentrations of steroids are reported in S.saponaria
plant fruit pericarpic extract with PE. The concentration of phytochemicals varied, when different organic solvents are used for the extraction procedure.
Pages: 25-29 | 2991 Views 729 Downloads
M Madhu, V Sailaja, TNVSS Satyadev, MV Satyanarayana. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plant species by using various organic solvents. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(2):25-29.